8. How am I supposed to create elegant sinuous sentences?
By using linking words like thumma, baada dhalik, walakin etc. Lots of wa's too. There is more to it than that, there always is. I will have to copy out examples of gently repeating and mildly varying sentences. Those seem to be the key qualities. Here I use short, to the point sentences. A totally different approach.
9. Why is the letter at the end of موسيقى, musiqa, sometimes pronounced 'a' and sometimes 'i'? Now I can't remember a single example to add, but there are some. Aha, تفضلى is tafadali, which has 'i' at the end.
10. What is that letter 'ى' called anyway? It is not in the dictionary as one of the sections?
11. Why is 'a' at the end of words spelt in different ways: طفلة ,كتب ,موسيقى? The 'a' at the end of kataba is invisible, but it's there all the same.